Treatment largely depends on the kind of TMD that you are suffering from. Comprehensive history taking, physical examination and mental wellness screening (where applicable) is essential for complete diagnosis.
Routine or special TMJ X-ray techniques like MRI and CT scans are sometimes needed for diagnosing TMJ condition.
Treatment goals are to decrease pain, decrease adverse loading to jaw joints and muscles, restore function, restore normal daily activities and improve your quality of life.
Treatment usually starts with conservative therapies which do not invade the tissues of the face, jaw or joints and includes:
- Education and self-care
- Behaviour modification of harmful habits
- Psychotherapy including stress management and relaxation techniques
- Physical therapy (eg TENS, ultrasound)
- Dental splint therapy
If your disorder is very long standing and associated with major structural changes and/or prominent psychological distress and disability, jaw surgery, bite (occlusal) therapy, orthodontics, medical specialist referrals may be warranted.